The career options in sociology are diverse. With a masters degree in the field, you can pursue a career as a social worker or case manager, a post-secondary teacher, a consultant, or even a researcher. A PhD level degree will qualify you to work as a sociologist, a professor, counselor, and more. You can work in various social service agencies and non-profit institutions. The income level will vary from job to job. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, sociologists made a median annual income of $74,960 in 2012.